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Germany prime purchaser of Russian vitality since conflict started: Report

Germany was the most important purchaser of Russian vitality throughout the first two months for the reason that begin of the conflict in Ukraine, an impartial analysis group mentioned Thursday.

A examine revealed by the Centre for Analysis on Vitality and Clear Air calculates that Russia earned 63 billion euros ($66.5 billion) from fossil gas exports since Feb. 24, the date Russian troops attacked Ukraine.

Utilizing knowledge on ship actions, real-time monitoring of fuel flows by means of pipelines and estimates based mostly on historic month-to-month commerce, the researchers reckoned Germany alone paid Russia about 9.1 billion euros for fossil gas deliveries within the first two months of the conflict.

Claudia Kemfert, a senior vitality professional on the German Institute for Financial Analysis who was not concerned within the examine, mentioned the figures had been believable given the current sharp improve in costs for fossil fuels. Final 12 months Germany paid about 100 billion euros in complete for imports of oil, coal and fuel — 1 / 4 of which went to Russia, she mentioned.

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The German authorities mentioned it couldn’t touch upon estimates and declined to offer any figures of its personal, saying these would wish to return from firms that procure the coal, oil and fuel.

Germany has confronted sturdy criticism for its reliance on Russia fossil fuels regardless of warnings from allies that this might endanger its personal and European safety. Then-Chancellor Angela Merkel pushed again final 12 months towards U.S. efforts to sanction a Russian fuel pipeline to Germany, a choice strongly backed by her successor, Olaf Scholz, whose Social Democratic Occasion have lengthy advocated vitality cooperation with Russia.

The pipeline was solely frozen by Scholz’s new center-left authorities shortly earlier than Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. It has since scrambled to seek out various vitality provides, notably for Russian pure fuel, which now accounts for 35% of Germany’s complete imports.

Kemfert mentioned a current pledge by the German authorities to provide electrical energy solely from renewable sources by 2035 was welcome.

“However so long as Germany continues to purchase fossil fuels, whether or not from Russia or different autocracies, it undermines each its personal credibility and its vitality safety,” she mentioned.


The Centre for Analysis on Vitality and Clear Air, which is predicated in Finland and funded by means of grants and analysis contracts, mentioned the second greatest importer of Russia fossil fuels within the two months for the reason that outbreak of conflict was Italy (6.9 billion euros), adopted by China (6.7 billion euros).

As an entire, the European Union accounted for 71% of Russia’s complete earnings from oil, fuel and coal, price roughly 44 billion euros, it mentioned.

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