Global population to surpass 8 billion today, will be 10.8 billion by 2080s: UN

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Global population to surpass 8 billion today, will be 10.8 billion by 2080s: UN
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The United Nations projected the world population will cross the 8 billion mark on November 15. With other statistical observations, the international body enumerated certain other details about population concentration and fertility rates.

New Delhi ,UPDATED: Nov 15, 2022 09:17 IST

World population will hit a peak of 8 billion on November 15. (Representative Image)

By India Today Web Desk: The United Nations projects that the world population will hit a mark of 8 billion on November 15, 2022. At present, the population is 7,999,959,816 and the World Population Prospects 2022 forecast that India is slated to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by the year 2023.

The report was released on World Population Day. Also, the global population is projected to peak at around 10.4 billion in the 2080s.

‘…REMINDER TO CARE FOR EARTH’: UN CHIEF

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said, “This year’s World Population Day falls during a milestone year when we anticipate the birth of the earth’s eight billionth inhabitant. This is an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognise our common humanity, and marvel at advancements in health that have extended lifespans and dramatically reduced maternal and child mortality rates.”

ALSO READ | We are 8 billion now. Here are 5 daunting challenges before us

He said, “At the same time, it is a reminder of our shared responsibility to care for our planet and a moment to reflect on where we still fall short of our commitments to one another.”

The United Nations stated that the world populace has been increasing at its slowest pace since 1950 and during 2020, it has plummeted to under 1%. The UN suggests that the world population could grow to about 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050.

The world population will climb to the 10.4 billion mark during the 2080s and it shall remain at that level until 2100, the UN projected.

FERTILITY FELL MARKEDLY: UN

World Population Prospects 2022 stated that fertility has fallen markedly in recent decades for many countries. Today, two-thirds of the global population lives in a country or area where lifetime fertility is below 2.1 births per woman.

The population of 61 countries or areas is projected to decrease by 1% or more between 2022 and 2050, given the low levels of fertility. In other cases, due to the elevated rates of emigration.

Notably, the United Nations has also said the global population will increase up to 2050 and it will be concentrated in eight countries.

  • Congo
  • Egypt
  • Ethiopia
  • India
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Philippines
  • Tanzania

The UN said, “Countries of sub-Saharan Africa are expected to contribute more than half of the increase anticipated through 2050.”

While laying down the statistical observations with regard to the global population, UN officials have also flagged the need to strike a balance between an ever-increasing population and sustainable development.

ALSO READ | Demographic shift, domestic investors: Experts on why this is India’s decade

“Rapid population growth makes eradicating poverty, combatting hunger and malnutrition, and increasing the coverage of health and education systems more difficult,” said Liu Zhenmin, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs.



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