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HomeWorldWhere exactly is the TTP-Pakistan war headed?

Where exactly is the TTP-Pakistan war headed?

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Where exactly is the TTP-Pakistan war headed?
Read Time:7 Minute, 58 Second


Will Pakistan be able to defend its sovereignty as Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan declares its own government? India Today takes a look at the past incidents that have shaken Pakistan deeply and pushed it towards a situation of political instability.

The TTP is the largest militant organization that is fighting against Pakistani border security forces

By Devvrat Pandey: Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and Baloch separatists have announced their government in the northern region and declared various ministers in an attempt to break Pakistan into two nations. It is the largest militant organization that is fighting against Pakistani border security personnel. Many of them are operating from Afghanistan. These militant groups have a strong hold on both sides of the Afghan-Pakistan border. The TTP wants to establish a strong political hold through armed struggle, and follow Sharia laws.

During the peak of the domestic insurgency, on 20th September 2008, an incident marked the weakness of Pakistan’s intelligence in defending its national capital, when a truck laden with explosives detonated in front of the Marriott Hotel, Islamabad. This was a high-security area where most government officials resided and diplomatic operations were carried out.

After 14 years, did Pakistan appear to be staring towards similar security threats? In the last few weeks, multiple bomb explosions have been reported in the Afghan-Pakistan border regions. The question is, will Pakistan be able to stop these attacks from reaching the capital this time around?

Also Read | ‘We are coming’: Banned Taliban offshoot TTP warns Pakistan in video | Watch

December 15 bomb blast in Balochistan via Dawn News

According to an Afghanistan-based news outlet, since the Taliban returned to power in Afghanistan, terror activity has increased significantly in Pakistan. Experts say the Taliban were earlier being sponsored by Pakistan to further terrorist activities in India, but the same Taliban regime has now challenged Pakistan. The Interior Minister of Pakistan, Rana Sanaullah Khan, asked the Afghan-Taliban Government to dismantle the hideout on Afghan soil and hand over the militants to security forces or else Pakistan may carry out an air strike at the hideout in the Afghan region to maintain its stability over cross-border terror activity. In response to the minister’s statement, the Taliban spokesperson said one nation cannot violate another nation’s sovereignty and Pakistan’s government officials should pay more attention while speaking to maintain the dignity of the country and its relations.

The TTP plans to take over Pakistan in the same manner as witnessed earlier in Afghanistan as it starts to run a violent campaign on Pakistani soil. On November 28, TTP concluded its five-month-long ceasefire agreement with the Pakistan govt. and later on November 30, a suicide bomber from TTP exploded himself in Balochistan near a police truck, which caused multiple injuries.

Also Read | Taliban return in Pakistan: How the country became a victim of its own flawed policies

In December, the frequency of attacks increased. The Taliban targeted the Afghan-Pakistan border area with heavy cross firing which resulted in the death of civilians. On 15th December, Taliban-Pakistan again exchanged artillery fire where one Pakistani civilian died and a dozen others were injured. Again, on 23rd December in Islamabad, one suicide bomber detonated himself, resulting in the death of one police personnel, 2 civilians, and 4 other police officers badly injured. Such consistent attacks indicate that Pakistan’s approach towards the Taliban has failed and thus Pakistan itself became the main victim of terrorism. The latest clashes indicate the TTP’s intentions to acquire control over certain areas of Pakistan and establish a parallel government in the northern region of Pakistan.

Now the question arises: will Pakistan be able to save itself from this terror wave? Will Pakistan rethink its state policy on terrorism?

In 2018, TTP removed ‘Greater Jihad’ from its manifesto and instructed its fighters to target Pakistani military and intelligence personnel, which was the main agenda in earlier days. Even though there are some speculations, TTP’s alliance with some ethnic parties to achieve some objectives and religious goals in which Baloch and Pashtun nationals were included. For a long time, these ethnic minorities have been raising their voices against the Pak government over exploitative policies.

DID THE CEASEFIRE END DUE TO NEW PAKISTAN ARMY CHIEF?

The newly appointed Army chief (Lt. Gen. Asim Munir) in Pakistan has been distancing his institution from the “Bajwa Doctrine“. The former General Army chief had established the policy of “peace talks and ceasefire” with TTP, which was followed by the Pakistan government to deal with TTP. This Doctrine was one of the major reasons behind the resurgence of TTP in tribal areas. Even though the TTP has now ended the ceasefire agreement, even during the ceasefire, the TTP continued to practice extortion and kidnapping in Swat and Waziristan areas. The TTP is likely to threaten the federal government of Pakistan because now they have quite advanced equipment and foreign weapons accessible following the Afghanistan takeover by the Taliban. The ceasefire agreement ended when a statement from the Foreign minister of Pakistan, Ms. Heena Rabbani Khan-led delegate visited Afghanistan to meet Taliban leaders in Kabul. Pakistan claims this delegate’s visit was to focus on the socio-economic agenda such as trade, refugees, and the visa regime, but it is widely suspected that the delegation’s agenda was to deal with cross-border terrorism in which Taliban militants had targeted Pakistan border forces. The TTP was likely to be one step ahead and had already taken Afghan-Taliban leaders into confidence. Given the frequency of attacks, TTP has likely regrouped its network and re-established beyond the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region, which is a severe security challenge for Pakistan.

Also Read | Pakistani Taliban threatens to target top leaders of ruling coalition

THE DURAND LINE: CAUSE OF CLASH?

The Durand Line is near the Pak–Afghan border, a 2,670-kilometer international land border between Pakistan and Afghanistan. Named after British diplomat Sir Mortimer Durand who was sent to negotiate an agreement to delineate the border between Afghanistan and British India in 1893, the new border divided the Pashtun tribal lands into two parts. Half of the Pashtun population lies in Afghanistan and half of them are left in Pakistan close to the Afghan-Pakistan border. The Pashtuns have been demanding a separate state for them. The issue has been more intensified after the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan.

CHALLENGES FOR PAKISTAN

Pakistan is now stuck in a swamp between the Afghan-Taliban and Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan. Extortion and kidnapping have increased significantly by TTP-led militant groups in the Khyber Pashtun region. Unlike earlier, Pakistan could not depend on the US to secure this unstable western border situation. The total withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan left Pakistan to face these cross-border security threats all alone, while securing its strategic interests. The major challenge for the Pakistani force is to deal with Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan and other separatists in the Baluchistan region who have been fighting for their freedom for years. Pakistan Foreign Minister Bilawal Bhutto Zardari Thursday said he was not afraid of threats from the militants. “We have already been facing terrorism. The APS (Army Public School) students were killed (in Peshawar in 2014). I term them (TTP people) as extremists and terrorists. I don’t consider them even human beings. We are facing their threat but we will not change our stance,” he said.

Asad Ali Toor, Islamabad, shared a letter on Twitter, which claims that “TTP threatened to attack Pakistan political parties if they try to support Pakistan’s aggression in the southwest region which will lead to the 1971 Bangladesh liberation war-like situation, in which around 91000 Pakistani security forces surrendered and faced a shameful defeat.”

Also Read | Pakistan Foreign Minister Bilawal says he’s not afraid of threats by militants

IS TTP BACKING BALOCH SEPARATISTS?

The tension between the Baloch separatists is not a new problem for the federal government, who feel that they have been neglected by successive regimes and struggling with economic deprivation and asking for freedom from Pakistan. The TTP likely found this separatist cause an opportunity to create instability in the region so that the Pakistan government keeps engaging with them to control the increasing protests and faces difficulty in maintaining stability.

On the other hand, the Baloch fishermen’s group “Haq Do Tehreek” were publically protesting against the Chinese high-speed fishing trawler in the Gwadar region. It is also likely that Maulana Rehman and his associates could target the ongoing CPEC project to cause further problems for the federal government, which is already dealing with multiple other challenges. However, the aggressive measures by Pak forces are only likely to intensify the protests in the region.

Analysts have been expressing deep concerns over the situation in the country indulged in multiple proxy wars. The wave of terrorism in Pakistan has shaken it deeply and pushed it toward serious political instability in the past. The economy of Pakistan is shrinking as its currency has fallen lower. The government has announced a new energy conservation plan to save its economy as it has asked markets to close by 8.30 pm and restaurants by 10 pm. The government hopes to save approximately 62 billion Pakistani Rupees via these measures. If China sponsored CPEC projects are affected due to TTP and Baloch’s attacks, the government will further find it difficult to deal with the Chinese.

Also Read | Taliban leader mocks Pakistan, shares pic of surrender to India in 1971 war





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“I am an architect, animator and teacher working in architecture and design at __india__. This site is a great resource for anyone looking to get more updates from their home. Fill your home (heart) with more trending accessories from choosing the best colors for your mind room. NewsSalava.com will rob your heart .... Cool

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